These questions are examples of the types of questions that could be asked on the exam. In most cases,
you will be asked to list, explain, describe, diagram, or in some way originate your answer, rather than
being given alternatives to choose among. In preparing for the exam, be sure that you could actually
write a concise, cogent answer to the question.
Review the study questions for the midterm. The the exam will cover the second half of the course,
but some topics build on principles developed in the first half. And you can expect questions similar
to those on the midterm and quizzes.
What characteristics distinguish a hunter-gather society from an agricultural society?
hunter gatherers never domesticated animals or plants, they followed them throughout the land. They killed
wild animals and found plants such as berries and herbs to eat. Agricultural societies usually used a mix of
this way of life and hunter gatherer way. They domesticated animals for milk and meat, and plants for food
sources. They also hunted. But they were the first to create a permanent home for them selves.
Can you explain and defend your favorite theory of the origin of agriculture?
I like the “dump heap” theory. This theory says that there were dump piles amongst the hunters and
gatherers where they would dispose of materials not needed. Seeds through travel ended up in these
nutritional dump heaps and eventually grew. They gatherers noticed this and and through observation, trial
and error, they began to cultivate these plants.
How do you explain the fact that agriculture seems to have arisen virtually simultaneously at
locations widely scattered around the world?
What are some direct and indirect consequences of the adoption of an agricultural lifestyle by
population increase a benefit due to demand for labor
emphasis on fertility of people, animals, plants in festivals and religion
development of writing, social classes, ‘civilization’
What is meant by the term "domestication" with reference to plants?
Purposeful harvesting and replanting of certain plants, especially when accompanied by genetic changes in
What are some characteristic changes that have occurred in plants due to domestication?
there are now a variation of radishes and lettuce. Color, flavor, texture, use, storage and use quality.
Is the domestication process still occurring?
but they don’t seem to have a future in our major crops. Some of these are American wild rice and
cuphea. And there is much potential for these plants.
Where did our primary crop plants originate?
What would our diet consist of in the U.S. if our foods were limited to the plants growing here
Sunflowers, blueberries, cranberries, and Jerusalem artichokes.