ART 100 Introduction to the Visual Arts
CONCEPTS, TERMS, AND INFORMATION FOR STUDY
– PLEASE NOTE THIS IS A GENERAL
OUTLINE FOR YOUR STUDY BENEFIT ONLY.
YOU MUST ATTEND CLASS AND READ TEXT
SEE SYLLABUS FOR COURSE OBJECTIVES AND REQUIREMENTS.
STUDY MATERIAL FOR EXAM 2
Classical Art: Greek Art
Greek art and culture is seen as the beginning of western ideas and cultural
Their art can be seen in four general periods.
Geometric Period -
c.800 – 600BCE
Pottery decorated with geometric designs is common and defines this period.
Funerary Vase w/Funery Scene, Dipylon, 8
The Amphora –
Evidence of concept for visual relationships and design begins at this time.
Archaic Period – c.600 – 500BCE
Stone material used for architecture and sculpture, trade with Egypt possible
influence for this.
Stone sculptures of the human figure are created and figures are rigid and static.
Figures are portrayed with unusual smile, today referred to as “Archaic
Pottery advances made including style known today as
Francois Vase c.570BCE. Exekias, The Suicide of Ajax c. 540BCE,
red figure ware examples-
Pan Painter “Artemis Slaying Actaeon”, Foundry
Painter, “A Bronze Foundry”.
Architecture develops style known as
Kouros, 600bce, and Kore, 530bce,
480 – 330 BCE
Divided into Early, High, and Late Classical periods based on characteristics
that change as the artworks reflect, and evolve with, the concerns of Greek
The “Golden Age of Pericles” c. 450 – 400 BCE is regarded as the high point in
Greek art and the Idealism and Naturalism reflected in the artworks are
integrated with a conscious intent toward harmony, unity, and beauty.
is the measure of all things,
and the human, especially male, figure is used
as subject to depict artworks where parts are unified to a whole, in
harmony, and nothing is shown to be excessive or gross. Pericles is the
important leader of Athens during this time and he is responsible for the
commission of these great works
Discus Thrower c.
450 BC,Kritios Boy c. 480BCE, Young Warrior (Riace, Italy) c.460 BCE,
Spearbearer c.440 BC ( Contrapposto, Composition, Idealized Form), The
Three Goddesses c. 440 BC, Hermes and Dionysos c. 330 BC, The Scraper
c. 330 BC( breaks into three dimensional space), Acropolis (Athens),
Parthenon c. 440 BC ( Doric style), Temple of Athena Nike c. 425 BC
(Ionic style), Erechtheion c. 420 BC (Caryatids), Greek theater c. 350 BC.
Hellenistic Period 330 – 150 BCE
The concept of
is replaced by that of
city-states had been in turmoil and conquered by Philip of Macedon and his
son Alexander the Great, who had been raised under the influence of Greek
culture, expands his empire into Persia, Egypt, and the Near East bringing
with him the influences of Hellenism (Greek culture).
Artworks from this period are characterized by an emotional, sometimes