ART 100 INTRODUCTION TO THE VISUAL ARTS
CONCEPTS, TERMS, AND INFORMATION FOR STUDY.
PLEASE NOTE THIS IS A GENERAL
OUTLINE FOR YOUR STUDY BENEFIT ONLY.
YOU MUST ATTEND CLASS AND READ TEXT
SEE SYLLABUS FOR COURSE OBJECTIVES AND REQUIREMENTS.
STUDY MATERIAL FOR FINAL EXAM
Post Impressionism, Fauvism, Cubism, and Changes in Modern Sculpture
Postimpressionism refers to a group of artists who reacted to the manner of the Impressionists.
They felt the Impressionist painters were overly concerned with capturing a fleeting moment
and their paintings lacked the structure and form of traditional compositions.
concerns of the Postimpressionists include expressive and symbolic use of color, and, more
formal approaches to composition and flattened spatial qualities.
There was an influence by
the style found in Japanese prints.
Two points describing Postimpressionist paintings:
The artists came from an introspective approach and used color
to describe their personal
and unique vision .
Symbolism included the expression of color as an emotional
Color and light
were used for depicting form and space.
The properties of color;
value, and intensity
were considered even more for their purely aesthetic
The Postimpressionists were not a group of artists that aligned themselves to a particular
concept for art and painting.
Rather, the term had been coined by an English art crtic,
after he viewed a 1910 exhibition of paintings by
Cezanne, Seurat, Van
Gogh, and Gauguin.
None of these artists were living when this exhibit was being
shown, so the term basically came about for lack of something more definitive.
common thread among the artists was they created paintings that appeared more
structured than glancing impressions, and the colors were more expressive. The artists
and work of this group created from the 1880’s and 1890’s are thought of as the source
for the mainstreams of 20
century modern art.
Paul Cezanne 1839-1906 “Still Life with Basket of Apples” ; “Boy in a Red Vest”
Cezanne led the break from naturalism to abstraction with his intellectual approach
He used color and line to create a sense of space and form that alludes
to the inherent flatness of the picture plane. He work is a major influence on Cubism.
Four points about Cezanne’s paintings:
He would use multiple view points in a single work.
Allover, universal light-no specific time of day.
Monumental, simple, abstracted forms.
Used color as space and form, emphasized aesthetic use of color.
Georges Seurat 1859-1891 “ A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte”
Seurat created paintings that used a technique called
this was the use of
thousands of dots(points) of uniform size of separate colors.
The colors would then mix
in the viewer’s eye to produce the forms.
The manner helps his paintings to express a
felling of stillness and stability.
His work is an influence toward pure abstraction.
Vincent Van Gogh 1853-1890 “The Starry Night”, Self portraits.