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Anthropology Notes

Anthropology Notes - record provenience 3 Analysis of...

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Field Methods in Anthropology: Archaeology and Ethnography Archaeology: study of the past through material remains. Ethnography: study of living people by living among them for a long period of time. Cultural anthropology, anthropological linguistics and biological anthropology use ethnography Anthropological archaeology is used by archaeology Archaeological Methods 1. systematic survey: goal: identify archaeological sites, how it fits in to the surrounding landscape surface collection: looking for artifacts, transformation in ground, etc. shovel test pits: 2. Excavation Goal: collect and preserve information from a site. Sources of data: artifacts (any object that has been manipulated by humans.), ecofacts– the environment at that period of time (animal bones, seeds, hulls, rinds and pollen are very useful), features, architecture, human remains. Excavation Methods: shoveling and screening, flotation of soil samples,
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Unformatted text preview: record provenience 3. Analysis of Existing Collections Biological Anthropology Bioarchaeology: use skeletal data to study past lifeways: nutrition, workload, disease, social status, etc. paleopathology Paleoanthropology: study of human ancestors (hominins) using skeletal and fossil remains. Ethnography:-depth over breadth-small sample sizes-difficult-emic vs etic perspectives Emic: local/folk perspectives what people say about themselves Etic: perspectives of theorist/outsider; ideas not always the same How can you learn about people? Talk, participate, or observe. With Individuals: 1. unstructured interviews: conversations; open question, open answer 2. semi-structured interviews: fixed questions, open answers 3. questionnaire: fixed questions and answers. Likert scale: strongly agree strongly disagree Measurable, statistical reliability, but gain no understanding....
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