APChapt2 - Chapter 2 During the 1500s England had little...

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Chapter 2 During the 1500s, England had little interest in establishing its own overseas colonies because it was Spain's ally and it suffered from internal religious conflict. Spain's dreams of empire began to fade with the defeat of the Spanish Armada England's defeat of the Spanish Armada helped to ensure England's naval dominance in the North Atlantic. The English treatment of the Irish can best be described as violent and unjust. The spirit of the English on the eve of colonization included restlessness, self- confidence, curiosity about the unknown, and a thirst for adventure. On the eve of its colonizing adventure, England possessed a unified national state, a measure of religious unity, a sense of nationalism, and a popular monarch. The first English attempt at colonization was in Newfoundland. The settlement founded in the early 1600s that was the most important for the future United States was Jamestown. The financial means for England's first permanent colonization in America were provided by a joint-stock company. Motives for English colonization included unemployment, thirst for adventure, desire for markets, and the desire for religious freedom. Originally, the Virginia Company intended to find a passage through America to the Indies, guarantee its settlers the same rights as other English citizens, realize a quick profit from its investment, and search for gold.

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