Final Exam Review

Final Exam Review - * Insulin unlocks receptors around...

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* Insulin unlocks receptors around blood vessels and allows glucose to travel to tissues of body* - Insulin = key - Receptors = locks Type I Diabetes - Patient has no insulin due to heredity and/or environmental triggers - < 5% of population - Often occurs in children or young adults, non-obese patients - Must obtain insulin from outside source, essential for survival Type II Diabetes - Accounts for 95% of diabetic population - Generally older patients > 40 years old - Can be caused by a number of different factors: o Pancreas does not produce enough insulin o Liver produces too much glucose o “Locks are jammed” = insulin resistance due to increased layer of fat COX-1 - - Present in all tissues - ACTION: o Protects gastric mucosa o Supports renal function o Promotes platelet aggregation - Inhibition causes: o Gastric ulcers o Bleeding o Renal damage COX-2 - - Present at tissue injury site - ACTION: o Mediates inflammation o Sensitizes pain receptors o Mediates fever (brain) - Inhibition suppresses:
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Final Exam Review - * Insulin unlocks receptors around...

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