Republic of the Philippines Department of Education DepEd Complex, Meralco Avenue Pasig City May 2016 K to 12 Curriculum Guide ENGLISH (Grade 1 to Grade 10)
K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM K to 12 English Curriculum Guide May 2016 Page 2 of 247 Learning Materials are uploaded at . *These materials are in textbooks that have been delivered to schools.THE FRAMEWORK
K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM K to 12 English Curriculum Guide May 2016 Page 3 of 247 Learning Materials are uploaded at . *These materials are in textbooks that have been delivered to schools.I.PHILOSOPHY AND RATIONALE Languageis the basis of all communication and the primary instrument of thought. Thinking, learning, and language are interrelated. Language is governed by rules and systems (language conventions) which are used to explore and communicate meaning. It defines culture which is essential in understanding oneself (personal identity), forming interpersonal relationships (socialization), extending experiences, reflecting on thought and action, and contributing to a better society. Language, therefore, is central to the peoples’ intellectual, social and emotional development and has an essential role in all key learning areas1. Language is the foundation of all human relationships. All human relationships are established on the ability of people to communicate effectively with each other. Our thoughts, values and understandings are developed and expressed through language. This process allows students to understand better the world in which they live and contributes to the development of their personal perspectives of the global community. People use language to make senseof and bring orderto their world. Therefore, proficiency in the language enables people to access, process and keep abreast of information, to engage with the wider and more diverse communities, and to learn about the role of language in their own lives, and in their own and other cultures. II.GUIDING PRINCIPLES The K-12 Language Arts and Multiliteracies Curriculum is anchored on the following language acquisition, learning, teaching and assessing principles. All languages are interrelated and interdependent. Facility in the first language (L1) strengthens and supports the learning of other languages (L2). Acquisition of sets of skills and implicit metalinguistic knowledge in one language (common underlying proficiency or CUP) provides the base for the development of both the first language (L1) and the second language (L2)2. It follows that any expansion of CUP that takes place in one language will have a beneficial effect on the other language(s). This principle serves to explain why it becomes easier and easier to learn additional languages.