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INTRO TO AMERICAN POLITICS CLASS NOTES 8/29 Public goods are nonexcludible and nonrival o Ex. Nuclear deterrence, flood control dams Ways to avoid free riding and to encourage involvement in collective action problems o Repeated interaction with the possibility of punishment o Force, punishing violators or defectors Collective action problems in real life o Providing collective goods o Passing necessary but unpopular legislatures o Not passing popular but unwise legislation (pork) o Building coalitions behind policies Presidents for their policies MCs for their policies Justices for their favored positions 9/5 Problems under the Articles of Confederation o Debt and currency devaluations o Trade problems No exports to French and British colonies o These led to a severe economic downturn Part of why there are few movies about the Revolution o Shay’s Rebellion Rebellion of debtors—terrorized MA gov. National government could offer no help in dispersing
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Wave of similar uprisings followed State legislatures bowed to pressure—>devaluations, inflation o Gov. is not protecting peoples rights (lenders’ property), need new one o Social contract is broken, need new one 1787 Constitutional Convention o Met to discuss amending the Articles o Had no authority from anyone to propose new constitution o Big division: federalists and anti-federalists (round 1) Federalists favored stronger central gov. Anti-federalists didn’t; thought confederacy better, strenghten state govs Anti-federalists often didn’t show up (Patrick Henry, delegation from RI) o Major disagreement: large vs. small states o VA (big state) plan vs. NJ (small state) plan o Dispute largely over apportionment, but also over questions of how active national gov. should be o Settled by Connecticut Compromise, aka great Compromise No really great rationale at the time
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