Political Science 101 Notes

Political Science - Political Science 101 Pathways of Action Voting Write a letter to congress Lobbying Donations Media(write letter etc Petitions

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Unformatted text preview: Political Science 101 Jan 11, 2008 Pathways of Action: Voting Write a letter to congress Lobbying Donations Media (write letter, etc) Petitions Less that 60% of people have voted since 1972. 80% is the highest number of voters which was in the mid 19 th century. The US has the lowest voter turnout of most western democracies. Pathways of Action: the various activities, institutions, and decisions points in American politics and government that affect the creation, alteration, and preservation of laws and public policies. Pathways in the Book Elections Lobbying (shell, private insurances, NRA, tobacco, etc) Write a letter to Congress Court system (can file a lawsuit again the government. Ex: Roe vs. Wade, Brown vs. Board of Ed) Grassroots Mobilization (if govern. isn’t responsive. Ex: Viet war protests, civil rights marching in DC) Cultural Change: occurs over years. (Women’s rights) Jan 14, 2008 What is Government? The formal structures and institutions through which decisions are made. Politics: the process by which groups of people make decisions. Political Science: The study of politics. Who governs, what wins, etc. Types of Government: How many govern, and how much power do they have? Constitutional monarchy: one ruler with little or no power. Monarch inherits the throne. Absolute monarchy: one governs, and has absolute power. Dictatorship: one leader, with absolute power overthrows the previous govern, often by violent means. Oligarchy: Ruled by a few elite members. Pluralism: groups competing against each other for power. The US is Pluralism. Ex: Republicans, Democrats, etc. How are decisions made? Democracy: through the people. Direct Democracy: the people vote on everything Representative Democracy: like Republic, but more responsive to the voters’ wants. Republic: state governed by elected people who make decisions. Totalitarian Regime: no limits on leader’s power. Authoritarian Regime: some limits on power. No legal/formal limits. Informal limits: religion, tradition… Constitutional Government: allegiance to set of known rules. This is the United States’ government. Economy: Capitalism: Supply and Demand governs/no government involvement. Liaise Fair. Adam Smith Wealth of Nations helped set up Capitalism. Has private ownership, with no limit of individual wealth. Communism : Government controlled industry. No private ownership. Proletariat: working class. Bourgeoisie: middle class owners. Som: mix of capitalism and communism. Key elements are owned by government, like transportation and health care. This frowns on self interest and personal gain. (Sweden, Norway) The United States is a capitalist economy, although not totally Capitalist. Our government does help out some. Som Capitalism----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Communism United States Jan 16 Benefits and Drawbacks of each type of Economy Capitalism Benefits: Private property, cultivates pursuing dreams and ideas, allows for competition, the...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course POLIT SCI 101 taught by Professor Laurenharding during the Spring '08 term at University of Tennessee.

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Political Science - Political Science 101 Pathways of Action Voting Write a letter to congress Lobbying Donations Media(write letter etc Petitions

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