28. Elderly_student 12.10.10

4 nutrition related concerns in older adults

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Unformatted text preview: penditure or losses Figure 18.4 Nutrition related concerns in older adults Nutrition Dementia Alzheimer’s disease or other cognitive impairments Impaired memory, judgment, learning ability Can impact energy intake Vitamin B12 and folate status may be contributing factors Supplementation may improve memory and decrease risk Factors That Influence Nutritional Status in Older Adults Nutritional Physiological Psychosocial Other Factors That Influence Nutritional Status in Older Adults Nutritional Physiological Sensory perception GI function Body composition Psychosocial Isolation Income Medications Food insecurity Other Genetics Exposure to toxins and contaminants Excessive alcohol consumption Sedentary lifestyle Excess body weight Physiological Changes Physiological Food Intake Decreased appetite Declining dental health Decrease in thirst Food and Nutrient Utilization Decreased liver, kidney and lung function Reduced cardiovascular and bone health Physiological Changes Physiological Changes in gastrointestinal function Xerostomia Dysphagia declined salivary production difficulty swallowing foods Atrophic gastritis Achlorhydria low gastric HCl production limits calcium, iron, folate, and vit B12 absorption Reduced intrinsic factor production Lactose intolerance Physiological Changes Physiological Changes to body composition Increased fat mass Decreased bone density Decreased muscle...
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