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28. Elderly_student 12.10.10


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Unformatted text preview: sumed in low amounts Deficiency = declines in bone mass, immunological problems Calcium Reduced absorption Bone loss Blood pressure regulation Nutrient needs of older adults Nutrient Iron Needs decrease with aging Reduced LBM Cessation of menstruation Vitamin B12 and folate Vitamin B­12 poor absorption reduced stomach acid and/or intrinsic factor production Folate Diminished intake Nutrient needs of older adults Nutrient Fluids Issues Decline in kidney function Impaired thirst mechanism Dehydration and Hypernatremia (elevated blood sodium levels) AI for fluid is the same as for younger adults: Men: 3.7 liters/day 3L beverages Women: 2.7 liters/day 2.2L beverages Food Guide Pyramid for Older Adults Food Healthful Aging Healthful diet Balance, variety, adequacy, moderation Fruits, vegetables, whole grains, high quality protein, fluids Lifestyle choices Smoking, alcohol Active lifestyle Physical activity every day Muscle mass, bone density, healthy weight Social interactions Conversation, food consumption Psychological well­being “Grow old, but don’t get old” Annie Mays Larmore, 102 years old, sums up her accumulated wisdom on aging with this oft­repeated admonition: “Grow old, but don’t get old.” “To grow means that you accept change, adjust to change,” she explained. And “growth implies activity. You must stay active—physically, mentally, emotionally, and spiritually.” http://researchmagazine.uga.edu/aa/spring2009/aging-gracefully.php...
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