The Neutralization of Guilt-April 1st Crim notes - The...

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The Neutralization of Guilt Skyes and Matza Sutherland described the process by which an actor comes to do delinquent acts. Gresham Sykes and David Matza present their theory of neutralization-five different techniques of neutralization. Can be categorized in different ways. Their theory is a KIND OF LEARNING THEORY! Connects with Sutherland’s theory of differentiation. Skyes and matzas theory fits within this 5 th proposition of differential association. Skyes and matzas techniques of neutralization and their theory of subterranean value. On the surface of delinquent values are in start contrast to mainstream to mainstream values. When criminal behavior is learned, the learning includes (b) the specific direction of motives, drives, rationalizations, and attitudes. Skyes and Matza explain that breaking the rules gave excitement. By breaking the law the delinquent manufactures excitement, bc its exciting. o Delinquent is all abt manufacturing excitement by breaking the law o Cohen theory: it isn’t the stolen object that makes it valuable, but the fact that it is stolen makes it exciting. o Drifting and grandiose dreams conspicuous consumption-they think they can score big money through manipulating someone or illegal spam. These guys think about gambling rings, or dealing drugs. o Associated with grandiose dreams is the fact that these boys want to live large. When these kids do get money, they use to buy status symbols, and they blow whatever money they have. Finally we see among JD, aggressiveness and violence is associated with masculinity. All of these behaviors appear to be opposed to mainstream middle class values. People in the mainstream middle class (assuming all of us) value disciple, routine standardization----necessary for success….they like security. They like predictability. Certainly contrast to delinquent’s excitement, thrills, kicks. PROTESTANT EHTHIC- certain ethos developed _______. Work came to be values in the end in itself? In order to succeed, people have to be self denying. They have to delay gratification. (look at us, we are skinny, living in dorms). JD only think of short term and immediate ratification.

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