Germany on the Defensive - Germany on the Defensive-majority of German men conscripted into the army-By 1941 4 million foreigners working in Germany

Germany on the Defensive - Germany on the...

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Germany on the Defensive -majority of German men conscripted into the army -By 1941, 4 million foreigners working in Germany, including prisoners of war -In May 1944, almost twice that, majority were Soviet citizens -German women now worked in the factories, despite Hitler believing that women should only be housekeepers and bearers of children -Germany more dependent on conscript labor from conquered countries -German operation of war effort was chaotic -Hitler’s henchmen competed against each other -Spring 1942, Hitler named architect Albert Speer as minister of armaments production -helped triple German armament production in two years -Goring was awarded “plenipotentiary powers” over entire war effort -Hitler resisted state planning which he believed was really communist -German military commanders placed hopes on closing Allied shipping lanes across the Atlantic, which would block supplies to Britain -However, US ships got through -new submarine detection devices enabled ships and planes to destroy German U-boats The War in North Africa -With the failure of the submarine campaign, Germany depended on success on land -In North Africa, German tank division commanded by Erwin Rommel (aka “Desert Fox” due to his quick judgment and daring tactical improvisations) -had forced British troops back from Libya to Tobruk where Germans captured a garrison on 35,000 British troops -Rommel was only 60 miles from Alexandria -At the end of August 1942, the British tank force led by Montgomery pushed back Rommel offensive

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