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Appendix BHIS/115 Version 31Associate Level MaterialAppendix BCauses of the RevolutionCompletethe grid by describing each pre-war event and explaining how it contributed to the Revolutionary War.Pre-War EventDescriptionContribution to the Revolutionary WarFrench and Indian WarAccording to "The French & Indian War" (2012), “The final Colonial War (1689-1763) was the French and Indian War, which is the name given to the American theater of a massive conflict involving Austria, England, France, Great Britain, Prussia, and Sweden called the Seven Years War. The conflict was played out in Europe, India, and North America. In Europe, Sweden, Austria, and France were allied to crush the rising power of Frederick the Great, King of Prussia. The English and the French battled for colonial domination in North America, the Caribbean, and in India. The English did ultimately come to dominate the colonial outposts, but at a cost so staggering that the resulting debt nearly destroyed the English government. It was that debt that caused the escalation of tensions leading to the Revolutionary War. Parliament was desperate to obtain two objectives; first, to tax the colonies to recover monies expended on the battle over North America and second to restore the profitability of the East India Company in an effort to recover monies spent on the battle over India. The French and Indian War, as it was referred to in the colonies, was the beginning of open hostilities between the colonies and Great Britain” (Para. 1 and 2).The British crown was exceedingly poor from all of the military spending it had encountered. Its solution was to pass a series of taxes in the 1760s and 70s, such as the stamp act, which caused an enraged group of colonists to cry "no taxation without representation". It was that debt that caused the escalation of tensions leading to the Revolutionary War.
Appendix BHIS/115 Version 32The French & Indian War. (2012). Retrieved from Sugar ActAccording to "Traitors, Seamstress, And Generals: Voices Of The American Revolution" (n. d.), “The Sugar Act was passed in 1764. The British placed a tax on sugar, wine, and other important things. The British did this because they wanted more money; the British wanted this money to help provide more security for the colonies. The security was expensive because of the Indians and fights with foreign powers. The British also hoped that the act would force colonists to sell their goods to Britain as opposed to selling to other countries” (Para. 1).Traitors, Seamstress, and Generals: Voices of the American Revolution. (n.d). Retrieved from The Sugar Act made the people in the colonies very upset. If they only traded with Britain, they would not be able to sell their goods for as much. In addition, they lost money if they bought the same amount of sugar, wine and other important things that they did before the Sugar Act started.