ANthro2November 7

ANthro2November 7 - November 7, 2007 1) Review of Families...

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November 7, 2007 1) Review of Families and Marriage a. Fundamental building blocks of society (economy, politics) b. Kin groups: units through which humans identify and construct their individual and collective social positions c. Nuclear family and extended families i. Neo, patrilocality, and matrilocality d. Societies that rely on extended family have limited exposure and understanding of nuclear family e. Marriage Rules i. All societies have their own rules about it ii. Exogamy: prescribes that partners come from beyond one’s group 1. Violate the rules of exogamy is to practice incest a. Sexual relations with someone considered to be a close relative b. All cultural groups create such rules c. Human cultural universal d. Defined differently iii. Endogamy: most societies abide by this 1. US largely endogamous with regard to: a. Race/ethnicity b. Social class iv. Homogamy: to marry someone similar to you e.g.: 1. Hindu caste system a. Subdivided into exogamous lineages 2. Royal incest
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ANthro2November 7 - November 7, 2007 1) Review of Families...

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