PoliSciFebruary 29th

PoliSciFebruary 29th - February 29th, 2008 Locke's Second...

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February 29 th , 2008 Locke’s Second Treatise of Government A. Background on Locke (1632-1704) a. Cromwell, ruler of England dies, 1658 i. Charles II restored to throne 1660 ii. Dies in 1685 iii. Crisis of authority b. Glorious Revolution 1688 i. Parliament asserts power over the monarchy ii. Decides they will determine who becomes King of England c. Published 1690 (2 nd Treatise of Gov’) i. Supporter of Parliament 1. Legislative supremacy 2. Concerned with revolution d. Robert Filmer’s Patriarcha i. 1 st Treatise is response to this ii. Same themes show up in 2 nd Treatise iii. Filmer believes in 1. Divine right of Kings 2. No right to resistance 3. Certain humans own other humans a. E.g. children are owned by parents i. Importance property relationship 4. Relation between subject and King is paternal e. Locke Responds to Hobbes’s Absolutism Points of Comparison: i. Neither believes that might make right 1. Whatever authority entails, it’s not based on coercion or force- unlike Mach
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ii. Both rely on consent and social contract 1. Source of authority 2. But differ over what the contract entails and what consent looks like iii. Both rely on the state of nature
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course POLY SCI 1 taught by Professor Digeser during the Winter '08 term at UCSB.

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PoliSciFebruary 29th - February 29th, 2008 Locke's Second...

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