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Anthro2October 8

Anthro2October 8 - level must preserve vision of...

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October 8, 2007 1) Symbols : Icons, words, objects, behavior, etc. that stand for something else (dynamic and always changing) a. Holy water b. Max Weber: Humans are “suspended in webs of significance that…[they themselves] have spun.” 2) Neanderthal graves a. Emically: “goodbye, we hope you are going to a better place” INSIDER b. Etically: 1 st direct evidence of upright primate with consciousness of self OUTSIDER 3) Ethnocentrism (observing and judging) a. Understanding a person or group’s cultural patterns strictly by standards of our own and thinking your own culture is superior 4) Cultural Relativism a. Understanding a person’s or group’s cultural patterns by their own internal cultural logic/perspective b. Used by anthropologists c. No snap judgments d. Powerful tool to greater understanding i. Divesting oneself of preconception 5) James Peacock: “The fallacy of misplace concreteness” a. Interpretive Holism: (EVERYTHING IS RELATED AND WE MUST STUDY EVERYTHING) recognizing connections of human facets on the conceptual
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Unformatted text preview: level, must preserve vision of integrations of components; field research 6) Protestant Ethics and Spirit of Capitalism a. Economics not separate in from religion and politics i. Protestant ethic = hard work ii. Increased emphasis of individual iii. How to be a proper Christian iv. Aestheticism: minimalist lifestyle RESULTS: reserves of capital, investment in infrastructure (before it was horded and spent); proper type of people; invest spirit of capitalism with morality 7) Methodological Holism : proceeds from interpretive holism a. It’s the practical application 8) Organizational Holism : anthropology unifies specializations that address specific aspects of human life a. Biological, geological and physical sciences b. Linguistic, humanistic and cultural studies c. Archaeological, contemporary and historical foci d. Anthropologists’ job is to understand degrees of connections October 10, 2007...
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