PoliSciFebruary 13

PoliSciFebruary 13 - February 13, 2008 The Case Against...

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February 13, 2008 The Case Against Justified Authority Machiavelli’s The Prince 1. Background a. The Prince- written in 1513 b. “Mirror for princes” Genre c. Fortuna, virtu, glory, necessity 2. Types of Regimes a. Republics and principalities b. Republics (Discourses on Livy) i. Regimes in which you do not have a hereditary ruler ii. One ruler does not represent sovereignty iii. Usually anything that isn’t a monarchy iv. Res publica 1. Things that are public v. Central problem is how you can instill an individual with a sense of sacrifice 1. Civic virtue vi. Mach concerned with possible political corruption vii. If political corruption happens, it is acceptable to put in place a “prince” that will put the state back in its rightful place c. Principalities (The Prince) i. Hereditary-“the difficulties in maintaining them are much less than in new states because it is enough not only to depart from the order of his ancestors, and then to temporize in the face of accidents” p.6 1. Legitimacy is somewhat on a silver platter because of his position and power 2. When conquer new plans, hereditary Prince tries to establish legitimacy in a new land a. If maintain new land values, previous ideas, then no problem should occur
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b. But if make new customs, new languages and new laws,
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PoliSciFebruary 13 - February 13, 2008 The Case Against...

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