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Anthro2November 28

Anthro2November 28 - (Overproduction and markets are...

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November 28, 2007 1) Colonialism and Capitalism a. Mode of production i. “a specific historically occurring set of social relations through which labor is eployed to wrest energy from nature by means of tools, skills, organization, and knowledge.” ii. Feudalism 1. Historically specific 2. Social relationship a. Proletarianization leads to alientation i. Workers alienated from products of their labor b. Many reciprocal rights/responsibilities 3. Secondary characteristics b. Capitalism i. Historically Specific project (18 th century to present) ii. Social relationship 1. Capitalist classes a. Capital (haves) b. Labor (have nots) i. Important divisions within the classes 1. White and blue collar 2. Working class and post industrial class ii. Few reciprocal rights/responsibilities c. Achieved status iii. Secondary characteristics 1. Fewer own land, animals and tools iv. Expansion of Capitalism 1. Creation of two classes and pitting them against each other 2. Capitalism tends to a. Expand to compensate for falling profit rate
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Unformatted text preview: (Overproduction and markets are saturated. Creates crisis) b. Go through cyclic crises- “boom and bust” cycles c. Affect other aspects of society and culture i. Wolf: “variable outcomes of a unitary historical process” v. World System Theory 1. Capitalist world economy a. Identifiable social system, based on wealth and power differentials, extends beyond individual states b. Core, periphery (semi periphery) vi. Africa 1. Primary initial interest in trade in enslaved Africans 2. Centered on Gold and “slave coasts” a. Involved both Europeans and Africans i. Divide and conquer 1. Extend to US situation 3. Produced “underdevelopment” 4. Fueled industrial revolution 5. 40 million taken from Africa a. Went to brazil, Caribbean, Spanish America and north America vii. Semiotics of social differences: commodity fetishism viii. Consequences 1. Individual 2. Collective 3. Modern World System...
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