ETHICS REVIEWER.docx - PHILOSOPHY For Pythagoras Came from...

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PHILOSOPHY For Pythagoras: Came from the Greek word philia (love) and sophia (wisdom). LOVE OF WISDOM For Aristotle: A science which inquires into the ultimate causes, reasons, and principles of all things in the light of reason alone. (Metaphysics, book 7). For Karl Jasper: discipline in which questions are more important than answers and which every answer paves a way to another question. Socrates: “Philosophy starts through doubt and wonder.” ETHICS Comes from the Greek word ethos (custom or character) Branch of philosophy that examines the morality of human actions. The study of morality (principle of goodness and badness) Self-reflexive (criticizes itself) Three main branches of ethics: a. Meta-Ethics - “Questions itself.” - Question the very language and principle of ethics. - “self-conscious.” - Talks about the nature of ethics and moral reasoning. b. Normative Ethics - Interested in determining the content of our moral behavior. - “What ought I to do?” c. Applied Ethics - Attempts to deal with specific realms of human action and to craft criteria for discussing issues that might arise within those realms. - Usually, considered as a part of normative ethics. ETHICS AND PHILOSOPHY Socrates is the first Greek philosopher to redirect the focus of philosophy from the natural world to the human person. Ethics is philosophical because it emerges from our basic desire to make sense of the complexities of the human condition.

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