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10.3 What points of view did Enlightenment Thinkers have about government_revised 2021.docx

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10.3What points of view did Enlightenment Thinkers have aboutgovernment?SS.912.W.5.4Describe the impact of Enlightenment ideals on the development of economic, political, and religious structures in the Western world.Learning Target:Students should be able to . . .Explain the impact the Enlightenment Thinkers had on the Western World regarding government.IntroductionDirections:Read the following scenario, then answer the questions that follow.Imagine that you and all of the other students in your grade are going on a class trip to China. All of thestudents board a plane, but your teachers have to take another flight. When you’re flying over the middle ofthe Pacific Ocean the plane’s engines malfunction and you crash on a deserted island. The pilot and crewparachuted out of the plane before it landed, but miraculously all of the students survived.The island has enough food and fresh water on it for everyone, but after a week of waiting it is clear that noone is going to come and rescue you. The lack of rules have created tension between your classmates and youdecide that a government is needed.deserted island that you now call home.Imageis courtesy of Wikimedia Commons and is public domain.1.Why do you need a government?What would Louis XIV,absolute monarchof France (r. 1654-1715)recommend?
Directions:Finish the sentence below with Louis XIV’srecommendations.I think your governmentshould….2. What should the government do for you and your classmates?
3. What limits should there be on the government?
ContextualizeWho were the Enlightenment Thinkers? What points of view did Enlightenmentthinkers have about government?Directions:Read through the biographical information about each of the Enlightenment thinkers and excerpts from their writing, thencomplete the tasks accompanying the information.John Locke (1632-1704)John LockeImageis courtesy of Wikimedia Commons and is public domain.Historical ContextJohn Locke was an English philosopher and writer. He lived throughthe English Civil War and Glorious Revolution in Englandboth ofwhich heavily influenced his ideas and he lived for a time in Franceduring the reign of Louis XIV. Locke was a religious ProtestantChristian and believed in freedom or religion. Combining hisChristian beliefs with reason and the examination of evidence thatscientists used, he wrote about the government, its purpose, andthe best way to govern.His most popular and influential book wasTwo Treatises ofGovernment. A treatise is a written work dealing with a specificsubject. The book explains Locke’s view on the purpose ofgovernment and the natural rights of people. It influenced ThomasJefferson’s writing of theDeclaration of Independence.

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