STUDY GUIDE EXAM III
Use the study guide to
in your preparations for the exam.
Do not rely solely on
the study guide to prepare for the exam.
Bring the study guide to the last class before the final for a review
Use the Discussion Board feature on Blackboard to ask questions and offer answers that come up
as you study.
Don’t e-mail questions to Dr. G.---ask them in class or on the Discussion Board. Be sure to
review all lecture notes, readings, and handouts.
What are the former names of Burma and Cambodia?
What and where is Indochina?
A large mainland peninsula, sometimes called Indochina, which extends
to the south of China. It is occupied by Burma, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam. This
peninsula itself sprouts a long, thin peninsular appendage that is shared by outlying parts of Burma and
Thailand, a part of Malaysia, and the city-state of Singapore, which is actually built on a series of
islands at the southern tip.
What is a “city-state” and what is the only example of such a place in SE Asia?
Which countries in SE Asia are parts of archipelagos?
Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Philippines, Brunei
Timor-Leste (east Timor)
What and where were Sundaland and Wallacea and how did they impact migration?
continental shelf which allowed ancient people and Asian land animals (elephants, tigers, rhinos, etc)
to travel south into what became the islands of SE Asia Wallacea is a biogeographical transition zone
between Asian and Australian flora and fauna. It is a very large, deep trench.
The average lowland air temperatures in Southeast Asia are….?
Consistently above 65 degrees.
How does El Nino affect climate in Southeast Asia?
Periodically the normal patterns of rainfall are
interrupted, especially in the islands, and severe droughts result. These periodic droughts occur
irregularly every 2-7 years. During el nino the usual patterns of air and water circulation in the pacific
are reversed. Ocean temp is cooler in the western pacific near SE Asia instead of warm, wet air rising
and condensing as rainfall; cool dry air sits at the ocean surface.
Why are soils in tropical rainforests considered to be infertile for agriculture?
There are big green
trees, with little undergrowth on the soil. Leaves fall from the trees, and end up with Detritus, or
humus, decaying organic material on the forest floor. Everything in the decaying process is accelerated
because of the heat and humidity. They practically melt and are consumed in the trees.
Who were the Australo-Melanesians and where did they settle?
They may have migrated from South
Asia. Some have blonde hair, like Caucasians. New Guinea.
10. Who were the Austronesians and where did they settle?