Chapter 23 - Name Date Chapter 23 Section 1 Questions Key Vocabulary Old Regime estates Louis XVI Marie Antoinette Estates-General National

Chapter 23 - Name Date Chapter 23 Section 1 Questions...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 5 pages.

Name: Date: Chapter: 23 Section: 1 Questions : Key Vocabulary: Old Regime, estates, Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette, Estates-General, National Assembly, Tennis Court Oath, Great Fear Notes: Old Regime was the social and political system in France during the 1770s and estates were three social classes of France’s Old Regime The First Estate, the Catholic clergy, own 10 percent land, pay few taxes and the Second Estate, rich nobles, 2 percent population, own 20 percent land 97 percent of people are peasants, urban workers, middle class and have few privileges, pay heavy taxes, and want change The Enlightenment ideas inspire some in Third Estate High taxes and rising costs damages the economy by 1780s and King Louis XVI and his wife Marie Antoinette known for extravagance. Louis doubles nation’s debt and banks refuse to lend more money Louis’s poor decisions and lack of patience add to France’s problems and he calls Estates-General, a meeting of representatives from all three estates The Third Estate has little power under old rules and Sieyès persuades them to make major changes in French government. The Third Estate sets up National Assembly, a new legislature to make reforms and the Tennis Court Oath was taken, delegates decide to write a new constitution for France Rumors fly in Paris that Louis wants to suppress National Assembly and a mob attacks and seizes Bastille, killing guards on July 14, 1789 Rumors and panic spread throughout France and the Great Fear, attacks by peasants taking place across France, begins. Peasants destroy legal papers binding them to feudal system and in October 1789, Parisian women revolt over rising price of bread. 7They demand action, forcing Louis to return from Versailles to Paris Name: Date:
Chapter: 23 Section: 2 Questions : Key Vocabulary: Legislative Assembly, émigré, sans-culotte, Jacobin, guillotine, Maximilien Robespierre, Reign of Terror Notes: The National Assembly adopts Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen and revolutionary leaders use the slogan, “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity” The National Assembly seizes church lands, turns clergy into public officials and this action alarms many peasants, who are devout Catholics Louis, worried about his future, attempts to escape France but

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture