macaulay's minute on english education-1

macaulay's minute on english education-1 - Macaulays minute...

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Macaulays minute on English education T.B. Macaulay, originally Lord Macaulay, later became Baron Macaulay. He was born on October 15 th , 1800, and died in 1859. He arrived in India 1834. He was member of the Supreme Council of India, and he stayed in India for 4 years. Macaulay was in favor of making English the official language of government in India, with many supporting arguments. The minute on English Education was his policy statement. The Orientals were a group that disagreed with Macaulay and favored the teaching of Sanskrit and Arabic. There were many reasons Macaulay gave in favor of English over Indian languages. He argued that English is better worth knowing than Sanskrit or Arabic. Macaulay said “I have never found one among them who could deny that a single shelf of a good European library was worth the whole native literature of India and Arabia.” He supported his opinion that Western literature is intrinsically superior to Indian languages and argued the superiority of European (English) written history. Macaulay also said that “All the books written in the Sanskrit language is less valuable than what may be found in the most paltry abridgments used at preparatory schools in England.” In both quotes, he was just making his thesis more clear in saying that the English language was indeed better than Sanskrit or Arabic. He justified his theories by mentioning that English is the language spoken by the ruling class, and was likely to become the language of commerce through the East, and two other colonies (south of Africa and Australia). He made comparisons to England and France, about how they abandoned their own languages, only to learn the writings of the Greeks and Romans. “What the Greek
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and Latin were to the contemporaries of More and Ascham, our tongue is to the people of India.” More explicitly put, the English language is of superiority much like Latin, and
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macaulay's minute on english education-1 - Macaulays minute...

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