PERS 2002 Health and Society Study Guide Mid-t

PERS 2002 Health - PERS 2002 Health and Society Spring 2008 Study Guide and Question Areas for the Mid-Term Health and Illness What is health WHO

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Unformatted text preview: PERS 2002 Health and Society Spring 2008 Study Guide and Question Areas for the Mid-Term Health and Illness What is health? WHO Definition “State of complete physical, mental, and social well being and not merely the absence of disease” Dictionary “State of an organism with respect to functioning, disease, and abnormality at any given time” Health status and determinants ❂ 1. Physical activity 2. Obesity ❂ 3. Tobacco use ❂ 4. Substance Abuse ❂ 5. Responsible sexual behavior ❂ 6. Mental health ❂ 7. Injury and violence ❂ 8. Environmental quality ❂ 9. Immunization ❂ 10. Access to health care ❂ Initial Responses Feeling Well Complete physical, mental and societal well-being ❂ Secondary Responses Frame of Mind Performance of daily activities ❂ Tangible Responses Shinny hair, clear eyes Alert, Happy Pain Free Harmony between body and mind ❂ To maintain health we must prevent disease • Immunizations, eating balanced meals. Exercise annual phy6sical What is a health belief system? How is it established? ❂ Determined by sociocultural & ethnic backgrounds • culture-based definitions of health and illness • distinct practices for prevention treatment of illness How do individuals perceive the concept of health? Health Belief Model: ❂ Perceived Susceptibility ❂ Perceived Seriousness ❂ Perceived Benefits ❂ Demographic Variables • Age, Sex, Education, Experience ❂ Sociopsychological Variables • Personality, peer group beliefs What is illness? ❂ Absence of health ❂ Abnormal functioning of body systems ❂ Dictionary Sickness of body or mind What preventive care and health maintenance practice are in place in the U.S.? Culture and Heritage What is the origin of health, beliefs, and practices? • Most of US population are immigrants & descendants • Each group brings cultural attitudes toward health, health care and illness What is the distribution of foreign born in the U.S.? • Total population = 281,421,906 • American Indian, Aleut, and Eskimo = 0.9% • Asian/Pacific Islander = 3.6% • African American = 12.3% • Hispanic = 12.5% White = 75.1% What is heritage consistency? Its components? “The degree to which one’s lifestyle reflects his/her respective traditional culture.” Religion, culture, ethnicity, socialization List cultural influences. • Religious & Philosophical Teachings • Family (structure, roles, etc..) • Socialization Patterns (rituals, rules, etc.) • Laws, Status (economic, social, gender, etc.) Government, economics, geography What social structures apply to different cultures? • Family Roles – Organized around the male family line – Believe family is most important (esp.bloodline relationships) – Extended family is valued – Elderly highly respected, viewed as authorities • Children – Highly valued, especially males – Depend on family, independence not fostered – Pressure to succeed • Social Interactions – Attempt to maintain harmony, avoid conflict, suppress emotions &...
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course ACCTING 2101 taught by Professor Krisclark during the Spring '08 term at Georgia State University, Atlanta.

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PERS 2002 Health - PERS 2002 Health and Society Spring 2008 Study Guide and Question Areas for the Mid-Term Health and Illness What is health WHO

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