Liberalism vs. Darwinism

Liberalism vs. Darwinism - Liberalism vs. Darwinism 1st...

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Liberalism vs. Darwinism 1 st  Major Paper 3/16/08
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Liberalism vs. Darwinism Liberalism and Darwinism have long been intensely debated as both are popular points of view regarding how our society can be run most effectively . Each are classified as an ideology, a “set of doctrines or beliefs that form the basis of a political system” (Merriam-Webster .com). Using this definition we realize that each ‘ism’ creates a set of “blinders;” a tighter prospective for how each set of beliefs affects the way their followers see the world . Liberalism incorporates the ideas of personal individualism to make decisions free of government control while Darwinism on the other hand is linked to Charles Darwin’s beliefs concerning natural selection - only the strongest will survive . Although the followers of liberalism and Darwinism clearly hold dynamically different visions , through examining and comparing each we can learn how each ideology has had a profound impact on our world and shaped it into what it is today . Liberalism, which first originated in the period of time before 1850 , can in essence be summed up through the following line: “Over himself , over his own body and mind, the individual is free” ( Course Document #3 , 19 th and 20 th century liberalism) . Liberalism revolves around the great importance of individual liberty , based on the notion of tolerance and open- mindedness . Originating in Spain, the first Liberals fought to become free from Napoleonic power in the early 1800s (Palmer 445) . The development spread from country to country, and became a popular set of beliefs by the 1850s . A strong public supporter of this ideology was Petry 2
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John Stuart Mill , one of the most influential liberal thinkers of the 19 th century . Mill, a famous political economist , civil servant, and a Member of Parliament, led the way in spreading the word of broadmindedness and free thinking to the people of England (Palmer 445-446) . One of his most famous works , ‘On Liberty,’ is an essay surrounding around the rights of individuals, ranging on everything from religious freedom to protection from government control . A quote that best captured his views and position is found in Chapter 1: The sole end for which mankind is warranted , individually or collectively, in interfering with the liberty of action of any of their number , is self-protection. That the only purpose for which power can be rightfully exercised over any
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Liberalism vs. Darwinism - Liberalism vs. Darwinism 1st...

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