219683831..docx - HUNDRED YEARS WAR Name Course Date...

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HUNDRED YEARS' WAR Name Course Date Hundred Years' War
1 Hundred Years' War Dynastic Turmoil in France 1314-1328 When King Louis X died in 1316, he left behind a direct heir, his daughter. However, Philip, the king’s brother contended that women should not ascend to the French throne. Therefore, he became king and claimed the title Philip V 1 . When he died, the same thing happened to him when his brother Charles assumed the throne because Philip had daughters only. When Charles died, the succession decision was left to the nobilities because his nephew Edward III was a dangerous candidate for the throne. Therefore, his cousin, Philip VI became king. Dispute over Guyenne (1066-1329) The Angevins claimed autonomy in the French territories of Guyenne that they conquered in the 11 th century. When John I of England took over the territories from his brother, Phillip II of France took advantage of his weakness and reclaimed back the territories by 1204 2 . However, the King of France reluctantly returned Guyenne but had legal dominance over it. This became an area of contention between England and France. Gascony under England (1000-1329) When Henry II married Eleanor, the former queen of France, the French crown was given jurisdiction over Gascony 3 . By 1327, this region was still under the French king Edward III. However, the Guyenne and Gascony became synonymous. Both England and France claimed the Gascony territory in the first 10 years of Edward III’s reign. This enmity saw Robert, Edward’s 1 Green, John Richard. A short history of the English people . New York: A.L. Burt, 1921. Pg. 41 2 Baker, Denise Nowakowski. Inscribing the Hundred Years' War in French and English Cultures . Illustrated ed. Suny Press, 2000. Pg. 19 3 Griffiths, Ralph A. The reign of King Henry VI: the exercise of royal authority, 1422- 1461 . Illustrated ed. London: Benn, 1981. Pg. 22
2 prominent adviser who had fallen out with Phillip VI advise that England should go to war to reclaim its territories. Franco-Scot Alliance (1295-1336) England had tried to conquer Scotland. This contributed to the alliance between France and Scotland which was formed in 1295 4 . The two countries promised to support each other in case England invaded the other. In response, England proposed that two armies should be formed to deal with both Scotland and France. England then sent ambassadors to France to propose a treaty. End of Homage (1337-1340) Philip of France never met the delegation that was sent to him from England in 1337. This was in protest to the fact that Edward III was hosting Robert, the King’s enemy among other claims. He proclaimed himself king of France in 1340 but in the same year, Edward III was given the same title 5 . However, France was able to withstand England’s political battles because the French affected the English economy with its control of the routes that England used for wool trade.

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