Ch. 3 Student Notes

Ch. 3 Student Notes - Henslin Chapter 3 Outline Adapted...

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Henslin Chapter 3 Outline Adapted from: Fowler, L. A. (2008). Instructor’s manual for Henslin: Essentials of sociology a down-to-earth approach (7 th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon. Henslin, J. M. (2007). Essentials of sociology: A down-to-earth approach (7 th ed.). Boston: Allyn I. What Is Human Nature? A. Many studies have been conducted to try to determine whether our human characteristics develop as a result of nature (heredity) or nurture (contact with the social environment). 1. Research with identical twins separated at birth indicates that the limits of certain physical and mental abilities (i.e., aptitude for sports or math) are established by heredity, while basic orientations to life (attitudes, beliefs, values, etc.) are subject to environmental influences. 2. Studies of feral and isolated children show us that humans do not develop spoken language without human contact. 3. Research with institutionalized children has shown that the development of traits such as high intelligence and the ability to bond with others depends on experiencing close relationships with others early in life. 4. Studying monkeys, Harry and Margaret Harlow demonstrated that infant- mother bonding results from intimate physical contact and that the longer a monkey remains in isolation, the less likely it is to adjust to social life. B. Society makes us human; it is through human contact that we learn to be members of the human community. 1. Socialization is the process by which we learn the ways of our society; it is usually designed to turn us into conforming members of society. 2. Socialization helps us develop a self , our image of who we are. II. Socialization into the Self, Mind, Personality, Emotions, and Gender A. Symbolic interactionist Charles H. Cooley concluded that human nature is socially created—that our sense of self develops from social interaction. 1.
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course SOC 201 taught by Professor Reid during the Spring '07 term at Clemson.

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Ch. 3 Student Notes - Henslin Chapter 3 Outline Adapted...

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