Pgs 1-27 - Pages 1-27-Political Philosophies concern the...

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Pages 1-27 - Political Philosophies concern the foundation and functions of the government. -These philosophies organize people’s views about the need for, and the proper role of the state. They attempt to explain persuasive and consistent ways which laws and public policies are appropriate and which are not. - Almost everyone agrees that people need governments in part for self-protection in a dangerous world. -Thomas Hobbes, 17 th -century English philosopher and political theorist wrote in his major work Leviathan that without law enforcement, robbery and murder are normal. -Hobbes said, “Without the rule of law, the life of man is solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short.” -Hobbes argued that governments are founded primarily on the need for security, and their main function is to provide protection. -Max Weber regarded the state as the organization in society that can wield more power than can any other organization and that claims the right to determine how force may be used in that society.
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