10_Excretory_System_S13

Why is dialysis needed biology 1115 class

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Unformatted text preview: . • Cranberry juice? Alters the pH of the urine which deters bacterial growth. Kidney Stones: Usually composed of calcium or uric acid crystals. These can be passed with the urine, broken up with shock waves, or removed surgically. The best prevention is to drink lots of water! Blood pH abnormalities: Kidney failure or damage can cause an alteration of blood pH. • Alkalosis is where the blood pH is greater than 7.45. Typically this is caused when the kidneys retain too much bicarbonate (HCO3- ). • Acidosis is where the blood pH is less than 7.35 • In either case, a major fluctuation in blood pH in either direction can cause the nervous system to be unable to communicate. If the condition is not quickly reversed, this ultimately results in coma, heart failure, and death. Kidney (renal) failure: This can be caused by many things including trauma to the kidney, drug/toxin overdoes, failure of other organ systems, etc. Can be either acute (sudden onset) which is often reversible or chronic where the function deteriorates over time. Chronic kidney failure requires dialysis treatment and the best solution is a kidney transplant. Why is dialysis needed? Biology 1115, Class Outlines and Study Guide...
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This note was uploaded on 07/20/2013 for the course BIOLOGY 1115 taught by Professor Bates during the Spring '13 term at UNC Charlotte.

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