Psy 201 test 1-3

Psy 201 test 1-3 - Psychology- is the scientific study of...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Psychology- is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes of organisms What makes something a science? Using the scientific method Science Hierarchy Molar (Social Science) (Level of Analys) Molecular (natural Science) (Disciplines) Psychology does not equal common sense Common Goals of Scientist (Psychologists) Description o Objective and accurate account of behavior under study Explanation o Why does a given behavior occur Prediction o Examine current behavior such to predict future behavior Control o Influence behavior through rewards and punishers Application o How can we improve the quality of life Sub disciplines in psychology Experimental Applied Cognitive Biological Social Developmental Clinical Counseling Industrial/ organizational School Psychometric Full list in P.14 Anthropology Sociology Psychology Biology Chemistry Physics
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
History of Physiology 1879 o Structuralism Wandt and Tiehener (Introspection = to look with in ) 1890s o Functionalism James 1920s o Behaviorism Watson, Thorndike, Skinner, and Hull 1879 -> 1920s (overlapping) o Gestalt Psychoanalysis Freud 1960 ->70s o Cognitive Revolution and Modern Clinical Long-standing questions in Psychology Nature- nurture What are the relative influences of biology and experience on human behavior? Mind-body problem What is the nature of consciousness? Free will vs. determinism Do we have choices or are we simply behaving as a result of our past? Science or Pseudoscience Science and conducting research in psychology. Were do we start in science? Must have a Theories o Key elements to good theory Fits known facts
Background image of page 2
Predicts new discoveries Is falsifiable (evidence to contradict) Is parsimonious To keep it easy / simple *the failure to contradict a theory is more powerful than proof of the theory Seasonal affective disorder and sunlight Fits know facts Cases of winter depression are unique Predicts new discoveries Most SAD occurs in far latitudes Is it falsifiable Light therapy beneficial Is it parsimonious Sunlight alters brain’s biochemistry involved in mood regulation Psychology and Science The scientific method Identify the problem of investigation: Set up cause and effect relationships between variables Design and execute an experiment ( true experiment) : Manipulate one variable and measure another Determine the truth; Examine data (statistically) Communicate results Publish in a scientific journal/ present at conferences A “true” experiment A systematic manipulation of one variable and measuring the outcome on another Independent variable ( what’s manipulated) Dependent variable (what’s measured) Common concerns Operational definitions Precise objective and measurable Random sampling Random assignment to experimental and control groups. Demand characteristics (blind)
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Leslie during the Fall '08 term at Ole Miss.

Page1 / 31

Psy 201 test 1-3 - Psychology- is the scientific study of...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online