History 151 midterm review

History 151 midterm review - History 151 Midterm Review...

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History 151 Midterm Review Prehistory Paleolithic - the old stone age; mobile society; hunting and gathering society; women were high in society Neolithic - the new stone age; farming/agriculture society; approx. 1000 to 1200 years ago switched; women are lower in society. Jericho - Catal Huyuk - site where rooms were found with doors, jars, and other things had corresponding symbols on them; perhaps the 1 st sign on ownership Ancient Near East Sumer - located in Mesopotamia; Sumerian was the 1 st language to be written down Tigris and Euphrates - rivers surrounding Mesopotamia; Tigris is the eastern river and the Euphrates is the western. Cuneiform - writing on stone or clay with a reed; means wedge writing; 1 st writing ca. 3300 Gilgamesh/Enkidu - Lugal of Uruk; Sumerian king; 2/3 divine, 1/3 human, but cannot overcome death; searching for immorality; told to cease the day by Utnapishtism; 1 st idea of carpe diem; Enkidu was his friend; enemies and competitors at first; Epic of Gilgamesh is oldest surviving literature ca. 2000
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Lugal - big man; Gilgamesh was the lugal of Uruk. Ziggurat - a platform that temples were made on; Mesopotamian stepped pyramid-like structures made of mud bricks with a temple on top. Ur and Uruk - Mesopotamia cities; Abraham of Ur and Gilgamesh from Uruk. Sargon of Akkad, ca. 2300 - 1 st person to unite Mesopotamia by force; 1 st empire builder of western society; empire lasted about 150 years; 1 st ruler to have an image; 1 st to use propaganda(put in basket…gardener…lover of Ishtar…he is blessed and favored). Semitic - subfamily of the Afro-Asiatic language family that includes Hebrew, Aramaic, Arabic, and Amharic Babylon - 1 st comes to importance during the time of Hammurabi; located on the banks of the Euphrates; sacked Jerusalem in 586 Hammurabi, ca. 1750 - from Babylon; gives laws to people from gods; Hammurabi law codes; political and marriage laws among others Ugarit - 1200 BCE - Start of the Iron Age; year of Migration; 2 nd invasion of Egypt by the sea peoples; end of Mycenaean civilization; year of chaos. Aramaeans - during the year 1200 they migrated out of the desert; people that appeared and were not militarily powerful
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Hittites - responsible for the development of charcoal which leads to the use of iron; disappeared during the migration; war with Egyptians under Ramesses II; accounts from both sides Kadesh - the battle of Kadesh; where the Hittites and Egyptians fought; 1 st time accounts from both sides of war Assyria - Nineveh - capital of Assyria; was sacked in 612 612 BCE - sack of Nineveh; fall off the Assyrian empire Phoenicia - area is rich in cedar and purple dye; Phoenicians are powerful economically; spread the alphabet; responsible for spreading near east ideas to the Mediterranean; importers of raw materials.
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History 151 midterm review - History 151 Midterm Review...

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