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Journalism Study Guide

Journalism Study Guide - Journalism Study Guide Media and...

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Journalism Study Guide Media and Society Media Significance Pervasiveness (the quality of spreading throughout) of media in our lives and society Media influence and impact First Amendment: Congress shall make no law…abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble. Gatekeepers: any of those along the communication chain who influence what does or does not appear in the media. History of Mass Communication Three Waves o Print o Telecommunications o High-technology I. Print Wave o Technological breakthrough: movable type. o Johannes Gutenberg; Mainz, Germany; 1450s.
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o Replaced monastic scribes: printing press and movable type allowed multiple copies o Gutenberg Bible 1455 II. Telecommunications Wave o Telegraph: Samuel F. B. Morse; 1840s; rapid communication over distances. o Sound recordings: Thomas Edison; phonograph; 1877. o Movies: Thomas Edison; kinetoscope; 1891; projection; Lumiere Brothers; 1895.
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