Period 7.pdf - Period 7 Review Guide – 49 Questions...

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Period 7 Review Guide – 49 QuestionsImperialism/WW·Significant territorial gains-Puerto Rico: Government set up by the U.S during postwar. In 1917, Puerto Ricans gain right to electrepresentatives, and in 1950, they write their own constitution. Later in 1952, they gain Commonwealth status. Inresult of the Spanish-American War.-Hawaii: Prior to the war, U.S. businesses were interested in the territory (Sugar Trade)- McKinley Tariff. JohnStevens called US troops to “protect” American interests and deposed/imprisoned Queen Liliuokalani. USInvestigation finds out and reinstates the Queen, and the provisional government sets up a Republic with SanfordDole (a business guy) as president. After the war, America annexes Hawaii and it becomes a state in 1959-The Philippines: During postwar, Philippines beccome a U.S. territory, gains commonwealth status, and becomesindependent in 1946. (Treaty of Manila) The Treaty of Paris (which was extremely controversial) purchased andannexed the Philippines for $20 million from Spain. In result of the Spanish-American War.-Cuba (Protectorate Status): The U.S. wrote the Cuban constitution saying Cuba couldn't make treaties that wouldlimit its independence, it couldn’t let a foreign power take control over it, the US had the right to intervene inCuba’s internal affairs (protect human rights), Cuba could not go into debt, and the U.S. could buy/lease Cubanlands for mining/naval use. (Platt Amendment) In result of the Spanish-American War.-Panama Canal: Bc of US navy support, Panama gains independence from Colombia. Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty of1903 = U.S control over “Canal Zone” and allows U.S. to build the Panama Canal (open to internationalbusiness).-Alaska: American settlers in Washington Territory were learning about the rich fishing, whaling, and fur trappingthat was possible in Alaska. Secretary of State Seward envisioned its value and coordinated negotiations topurchase it from Russia, also known as Seward’s Folly. The price was $7.2 Million.-MISSING ONE…-Guam: In result of the Spanish-American War.·Reasons for expansion/Impact of Expansion-Reasons:-Need for new markets and raw materials-Seapower (growth of navy)-Anglo-Saxon superiority-White man’s burden-Some people believed the white race was destined to rule the world’s people / Social Darwinism (survivalof the fittest)-God gave them the right to expand their territory-Some immigrants wanted the US to intervene in their homeland and protect the rights of the citizens-Sensational stories published by so-called yellow journalists convinced many that the US should interveneto protect Cubans from the Spanish-The United States witnessed European imperialism in Asia and Africa-Keep going… parallel this with Manifest Destiny…-Unlike Manifest Destiny, imperialism included the idea of moral improvement by bringing the blessingsof civilization to less technologically advanced people. This idea to justify imperialism-it was for theother country’s good.-WHAT IS THE GOAL OF MANIFEST DESTINY? There is a key element missing.

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Term
Fall
Professor
Katherine Longwell

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