polisci exam 2 review

polisci exam 2 review - Schreiber PoliSci 102 Exam 2 Review...

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Schreiber- PoliSci 102 Exam 2 Review 1March 13, 2007 Political Science 102: Midterm # 2 Review Sheet — Concepts/terms/cases you should  know : BUREAUCRACY Patronage - jobs, grants, or other special favors that are given as rewards to friends and political  allies for their support. (pg. 211) role of  bureaucracy  and what it actually is- a set of complex hierarchical departments, agencies,  commissions, and their staffs that exists to help a chief executive officer carry out his or her duties.   Bureaucracies may be private organizations of governmental units. Thousands of federal government agencies/institutions that implement/administer federal  laws/programs Often called the 4 th  branch of government bc bureaucrats in the executive branch enforce and  implement laws Works in public interest, provides services (social security, student loans, protects rights  (EEOC), conducts research Pres has cabinet Pres/Congress can nominate/approve leaders Rule   making - a quasi-legislative administrative process that has the characteristics of legislative act Regulations - rules that govern the operation of a particular government program that have the force  of law Role of Congress and Courts  vis a vis the bureaucracy Types of agencies  (and be able to give an example for each one)- implement  programs/advise/gather data Departments     
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o Cabinet- formal body of presidential advisers who head the 15 executive  departments.  o Presidents often add others to this body of formal advisers. Independent      Agencies  (CIA, EPA, Peace Corps) Regulatory      Boards  and Commissions (FCC, EEOC, SEC) Administrative Procedure Act - established to resolve conflict brought about by regulations Freedom of Information Act - can request government documents (1996) Implementation - the process by which a law/policy is put into operation by the bureaucracy How agencies execute congressional wishes Sunshine   Act - meetings information must be made public (1977) Why  bureaucracy has grown - grown under Republican presidents FDR/LBJ especially in areas of  military security Homeland Security Grows under political crises and new laws (Patriot Act) PRESIDENCY “Going public”  and what Presidents do re: going public- photo ops, website, tv, trial balloons, other media Trial balloons - information sent out in order to observe the reaction of the people.
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course POLI SCI 102 taught by Professor Schreiber during the Spring '08 term at San Diego State.

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polisci exam 2 review - Schreiber PoliSci 102 Exam 2 Review...

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