Lecture 101811 - RS ST 31 Religions of Tibet Lecture...

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RS ST 31: Religions of Tibet Lecture: 10/18/11 Tibetan History: The Classical Period Mongols & Manchus Mongol Overlordship While Tibet was experiencing its “renaissance,” other forces were transforming the world One such force was the Muslim advance across India, resulting in the destruction of all great Buddhist centers Another even was taking place on Tibet’s northern and eastern frontiers Chinggis (Genghis) Khan took over Beijing in 1210 China was gradually conquered and Kubilai Khan ascends to power in 1263 Chinggis Khan (1162-1227) Despite the feuds following 842, Tibet had remained independent They channeled their energy pressure, the conflicts were all internal between different sects Longstanding quarrels between the Sakya and the Drigung Kagyu, etc. Emissaries of Chinggis Khan arrive in Kham (east Tibet) in 1207 to demand Tibet’s political submission Since the Tibetans were already divided against each other, they were unable to resist the Mongols Tibetan Submission According to pious Tibetan reports, Chinggis was interested in Buddhism Wanted to learn from Tibetan lamas Spared the country for this reason This is unlikely, but Tibet did manage to avoid being destroyed Relationship developed between Tibet and the Mongols became religious guidance for political (military) protection This continued until 20th century Only monks interested in the prosperity of their monasteries would have devised an agreement like this Mongols may not have intended this, but became useful to them later Tibetan Relationship with India Tibetans absorbed all they could from Indian culture for 6 centuries.

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