Lecture 102511 - RG ST 31 Lecture Rise of the Gelukpa School Institution of the Dalai Lama Geluk A New Religious Order Tsongkhapas(1357-1419 student

Lecture 102511 - RG ST 31 Lecture Rise of the Gelukpa...

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RG ST 31 Lecture 10/25/11 Rise of the Gelukpa School Institution of the Dalai Lama Geluk: A New Religious Order Tsongkhapa’s (1357-1419) student Gendun Drup (1391-1474) builds up the new “Gandenpa” or “Gelukpa” sect Gendun Drup’s reincarnation, Gendun Gyatso (1475-1542) increases Geluk influence, makes enemies among other sects Geluk monasteries growing steadily during this time- 1500 monks in Drepung monastery when he died Gendun Gyatso’s incarnation, Sonam Gyatso (1543-1588) related to both Sakya & Phakmodru aristocratic families Gelukpa influence based on the appeal to monastic simplicity, not temporal power The Mongol Interest In 1578, Sonam Gyatso meets Altan Khan (1507-1582), head of Tumet Mongols, in Kokono (Quinghai) He receives title Ta-le Lama (Dalai Lama), “Ocean of Wisdom” Names Altan “Religious king” Geluk historians describe the meeting as a renewal of the agreement between Mongols and Tibet, lost since the fall of the Yuan Dynasty 200 years before Ming Dynasty sought relationships with Tibetan religious leaders (especially Karmapa), but were against Mongol relations with them Later encouraged Mongol-Tibetan relations as a way to deflect Mongol militancy. Mongolian Dalai Lama Although Altan was a “patron” of the Dalai Lama, he could not grant him any authority Altan’s great grandson became the 4th Dalai Lama, Yontan Gyatso (1589-1617) This cemented relations between the Mongol rulers and Gelukpas
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  • Fall '11
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