Lecture 102511 - RG ST 31 Lecture Rise of the Gelukpa...

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RG ST 31 Lecture 10/25/11Rise of the Gelukpa SchoolInstitution of the Dalai LamaGeluk: A New Religious OrderTsongkhapa’s (1357-1419) student Gendun Drup (1391-1474) builds up the new “Gandenpa” or “Gelukpa” sectGendun Drup’s reincarnation, Gendun Gyatso (1475-1542) increases Geluk influence, makes enemies among other sectsGeluk monasteries growing steadily during this time- 1500 monks in Drepung monastery when he diedGendun Gyatso’s incarnation, Sonam Gyatso (1543-1588) related to both Sakya & Phakmodru aristocratic familiesGelukpa influence based on the appeal to monastic simplicity, not temporal powerThe Mongol InterestIn 1578, Sonam Gyatso meets Altan Khan (1507-1582), head of Tumet Mongols, in Kokono (Quinghai)He receives title Ta-le Lama (Dalai Lama), “Ocean of Wisdom”Names Altan “Religious king”Geluk historians describe the meeting as a renewal of the agreement between Mongols and Tibet, lost since the fall of the Yuan Dynasty 200 years beforeMing Dynasty sought relationships with Tibetan religious leaders (especially Karmapa), but were against Mongol relations with themLater encouraged Mongol-Tibetan relations as a way to deflect Mongol militancy.Mongolian Dalai LamaAlthough Altan was a “patron” of the Dalai Lama, he could not grant him any authorityAltan’s great grandson became the 4th Dalai Lama, Yontan Gyatso (1589-1617)This cemented relations between the Mongol rulers and Gelukpas

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