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to which reality can move.
to
63/80  Reality, then, is a solid immovable
Reality,
lump, which occupies the whole of space
 a "plenum”
(The plenum has no beginning and
(The
cannot change, cannot be divided into
distinct parts  like one of Bach’s fugues
 Axiom of Internal relations)
Axiom 64/80 (although the plenum can only be
(although
described in terms of what it isn’t: We
cannot know the plenum, but we can
know what it is not. And when have
determined everything that it is not, we
are left with the unique godlike one This is the key problem of Atheism)
(Ex nihilo nihil fit (Latin paraphrase) Latin
out of nothing there comes nothing)
(forced St. Augustine to conclude (about
800 years later) creatio ex nihilo)
creatio
65/80 b. Zeno of Elea (c. 490 c. 430), disciple
b.
who tried to proved that our knowledge
does not coincide with the illusions we
experience in this world, according to
Aristotle Zeno of Elea founded the
dialectic approach, wrote a book of the
following arguments, of which we have
only a few
only 66/80 i. The line (against reality being
i.
divisible)
divisible)
 a line is divisible into parts
 Then it is infinitley divisible into parts
Then
(an infinite number of discrete units)
(an 67/80 But if we add these together, then we
But
get an infinitely large line since the
smallest number multiplied by infinity is
infinity
infinity
Since a finite line cannot be infinitely
Since
long, then the line must not truly be
divisible
divisible 68/80 (Time: It is one second to midnight. In order
(Time:
to become midnight, the second hand which
is of finite size, must move from 59 to 0 on
the clock. But for it to do that, it first must
reach the real point in space at 59.5. Before it
can reach 59.5, it must first reach 59.25, and
so on and so on. In order for the clock to
strike midnight, the finitesized, second hand
must pass through infinite points in space.
Since it is not possible for what is finite to
cover infinite terriooty, then it is not possible
for the clock to ever strike midnight.)
69/80 ii. The Arrow (against the real being in
ii.
motion)...
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This note was uploaded on 07/18/2013 for the course PHL 101 taught by Professor Mcdonald during the Fall '07 term at Oakland University.
 Fall '07
 McDonald
 Philosophy

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