Lecture_3_-_Pre-Socratics

So there is no such thing as empty space therefore

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Unformatted text preview: place to which reality can move. to 63/80 - Reality, then, is a solid immovable Reality, lump, which occupies the whole of space -- a "plenum” (The plenum has no beginning and (The cannot change, cannot be divided into distinct parts - like one of Bach’s fugues - Axiom of Internal relations) Axiom 64/80 (although the plenum can only be (although described in terms of what it isn’t: We cannot know the plenum, but we can know what it is not. And when have determined everything that it is not, we are left with the unique god-like one -This is the key problem of Atheism) (Ex nihilo nihil fit (Latin paraphrase) -Latin out of nothing there comes nothing) (forced St. Augustine to conclude (about 800 years later) creatio ex nihilo) creatio 65/80 b. Zeno of Elea (c. 490- c. 430), disciple b. who tried to proved that our knowledge does not coincide with the illusions we experience in this world, according to Aristotle Zeno of Elea founded the dialectic approach, wrote a book of the following arguments, of which we have only a few only 66/80 i. The line (against reality being i. divisible) divisible) - a line is divisible into parts - Then it is infinitley divisible into parts Then (an infinite number of discrete units) (an 67/80 -But if we add these together, then we -But get an infinitely large line since the smallest number multiplied by infinity is infinity infinity -Since a finite line cannot be infinitely -Since long, then the line must not truly be divisible divisible 68/80 (Time: It is one second to midnight. In order (Time: to become midnight, the second hand which is of finite size, must move from 59 to 0 on the clock. But for it to do that, it first must reach the real point in space at 59.5. Before it can reach 59.5, it must first reach 59.25, and so on and so on. In order for the clock to strike midnight, the finite-sized, second hand must pass through infinite points in space. Since it is not possible for what is finite to cover infinite terriooty, then it is not possible for the clock to ever strike midnight.) 69/80 ii. The Arrow (against the real being in ii. motion)...
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This note was uploaded on 07/18/2013 for the course PHL 101 taught by Professor Mcdonald during the Fall '07 term at Oakland University.

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