Lecture_3_-_Pre-Socratics

Today open theists and some process theologians argue

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Unformatted text preview: ss Theologians argue that defining God as omniscient, omnipotent, and omnibenevolent is a Greek, non Christian formulation and should be replaced by a more ancient understanding of God as the greatest being greatest 25/80 D. Scientific Method 1. It was not until Aristotle that a welldeveloped systematic approach to scientific developed truth was practiced. 2. The Pre-Socratics believed that truth was attained when a complete explanation was given 26/80 3. The difference between Homer and and 3. the Presocratics is merely that the Presocratics seek an explanation that doesn’t directly rely on a god’s interference doesn’t 4. They were dogmatists, not scientists 27/80 5. When the Hippocratic doctors practiced 5. medicine, they would use experimentation only analogically (on something that was supposed to have properties like a body part -- or a plant that had features like a body part) body 6. If they engaged in experiments, it was 6. only to show that another doctor’s theory was incorrect was 28/80 7. But even Descartes, the greatest mind 7. between 1596 and 1650 (less than 500 years ago), refused to perform experiments on some of his explanations on 29/80 E. The Gift of the Presocratics 1. They believe that truth comes to 1. everyone (as a result of their own stations in life) in 2. They believe that truth comes by regular 2. experiences experiences 30/80 3. They believed that this truth could be 3. explained in simple propositions explained 4. They believed that this truth had 4. universal application universal 31/80 5. However, they were concerned only to 5. seek explanations for the natural world. Socrates marks a shift away from this toward human values toward 32/80 III. The Presocratics (most dates are III. approximate) approximate) 33/80 A. From Greek-speaking areas (Southern A. Italy, Sicily, western Asia, and North Africa) Africa) 1. Miletus (west coast of modern Turkey) 34/80 a. Thales (625-545) i. Observed that water was necessary for i. life and it was everywhere (surrounded t...
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