Lecture_3_-_Pre-Socratics

Life and it was everywhere surrounded the world

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Unformatted text preview: he world, supported the land, falls from the sky) sky) ii. Therefore, everything must be some ii. form of water, the basic element form 36/80 iii. Made a killing buying out olive iii. presses before a peak harvest presses 37/80 b. Anaximander (612-545) i. Observed that there really couldn’t be an i. explanation like Thales’s (perhaps he noticed things like even though soil could be heated, but it would not melt) be ii. Yet there must be one thing behind all ii. the basic elements: The Apeiron: an unknown, boundless material substance unknown, 38/80 iii. This was in motion (in what we see) and iii. accounts for time, space, matter and mind accounts iv. This motion creates a whirlpool where iv. heavier things (water, earth) fall to the bottom and lighter things (fire and air) are flung outwards flung 39/80 v. The earth then is at the center of the v. whirl, a revolving cylinder with a flat top, where we sit where vi. Creatures became how they are because vi. they needed to fit the land (Lamarck’s adaptive force, not Darwin’s survival of the fittest) fittest) 40/80 c. Anaximenes (585-528) seems to interpret c. his teacher as simply talking about air his i. Water evaporates into air and condenses i. from air, wood burns into air, humans breathe air in and out and grow breathe 41/80 ii. Air is in motion and is divine iii. He may have seen air as the soul of the iii. cosmos as it was the soul of a human cosmos iv. He sought to explain planets and starts iv. and other natural phenomenon and 42/80 d. Xenophanes (570-478), actually from d. Ionia generally and widely traveled Ionia i. Considered the founder of the Eleatics, i. but he seems to anticipate the views of Heraclitus, Empedocles and Plaot as well Heraclitus, 43/80 ii. Points out that each culture’s gods look ii. suspiciously like the people in those cultures cultures iii. Posits one God which seems to be iii. omniscient, eternal, and immutable omniscient, 44/80 2. Pythagoras (580-496 BC) of Croton 2. (South...
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This note was uploaded on 07/18/2013 for the course PHL 101 taught by Professor Mcdonald during the Fall '07 term at Oakland University.

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