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Historia de BANGLADESHCivilisationalhistory ofBangladeshdates back over four millennia, to theChalcolithic. Thecountry's early documented history featured successions ofHinduandBuddhistkingdoms andempires, vying for regional dominance.Islamarrived during the 6th-7th century AD and became dominant gradually since the early13th century with the conquests led byBakhtiyar Khaljias well as activitiesofSunnimissionaries such asShah Jalalin the region. Later, Muslim rulers initiated thepreaching of Islam by building mosques. From the 14th century onward, it was ruled bytheBengal Sultanate, founded by kingShamsuddin Ilyas Shah, beginning a period of thecountry's economic prosperity and military dominance over the regional empires, which wasreferred by theEuropeansas the richest country to trade with.[1]Afterwards, the region cameunder theMughal Empire, as its wealthiest province.Bengal Subahgenerated almost half ofthe empire'sGDPand 12% of theworld's GDP,[2][3][4]
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