NSPE and Lozano ppt

Complianceapproach integrityvscomplianceapproach

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Unformatted text preview: Codes of Professional Ethics” Unger “Controlling Technology, Ethics, and the Responsible Engineer” Function of Ethical Codes Function of Ethical Codes • Regulatory Function • Guiding – direct conduct with respect to avoid • • conflicts Contractual – agreement between the commitments of professional obligations and autonomy granted by the society Legal – punitive elements to encourage adhesion to stated principles Martin / Schinzinger Function of Ethical Codes Function of Ethical Codes • Ideological Function • Profession Ideology – set of ideas which any given group uses to achieve or present its status as a profession • Codes go beyond the idea of basic duties Integrity vs. Compliance Approach Integrity vs. Compliance Approach • Compliance Approach – system of incentives and punishments to comply with the norms • Integrity Approach – Seeks voluntary commitment to share values • Wide area of freedom (compliance approach detrimental) • Not realistic to apply norms rather than concentrate on values Values Values • “values are qualities of the real which human beings discover creatively and use to equip reality” • Norms – order or permit action of one kind or another (perceived as external) Values Values • Utility – “values serve to legitimize, orient, • • • • or judge ways of action and facts” Advantages – implicit cognitive and emotive aspects Values are flexible and adapt to concrete situations Values are stable Leave space for personal freedom Developing an Ethical Code Developing an Ethical Code • • • Other proposals Hermeneutical process First analyse professional reality and perception • Evaluate reality from ethical categories • Integrating ethical categories in professional praxis itself (pays attention to specific contexts and vital situations) Phase 1 Phase 1 • Analysis of the institution and its environment • “to evaluate professional sensitivity to ethical problems” • Identify ethical values pres...
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