Unit 4 - Post-Revolution Era Notes - Unit 4 Post-Revolution...

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Unit 4 – Post-Revolution Era I. The War of 1812 After the Battle of Tippecanoe, Native Americans increased their attacks against American settlers (who believed the British were inciting the Indians). Inciting - A call to act; encouragement to act, often in an illegal fashion A. War Breaks Out Who were the War Hawks and what was their main belief? War Hawk is a term originally used to describe a member of the House of Representatives of the Twelfth Congress of the United States who advocated waging war against Great Britain in the War of 1812. 1. Anger Toward Britain In June 1812, President Madison asked Congress for a declaration of war against the British. What were the reasons why he wanted to go to war? Because Great Britain's navy and privateers were raiding American shipping at sea, stealing cargoes and taking American sailors and forcing them into British service. 2. The Land War Americans unsuccessfully tried to invade Canada, but did manage several victories (Battle of Thames, Battle of Horseshoe Bend) 3. The Naval War Despite being outnumbered by the British navy, Americans won several victories at sea. What was the war’s most important naval victory? Battle of Lake Erie 4. The Burning of Washington DC After Napoleon was defeated in Europe, the British turned their full attention to North America. Late summer of 1814, a fleet of British ships arrived in Chesapeake Bay and 4000 troops attacked Washington DC and burned the White House and Capitol building. What was the significance of Francis Scott Key? He wrote the “Star Spangled Banner” B. The War Ends 1. The Hartford Convention – December 1814 New Englanders met here to discuss leaving the nation. WHY?
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Because New Englanders were strongly opposed to the war of 1812 2. The Treaty of Ghent - December 24, 1814 Representatives of England and US met in Belgium and signed this treaty ending the war – did not resolve any of the major issues, however. 3. The Battle of New Orleans – January 1815 Fought after peace treaty because of slow communication General Andrew Jackson led a force of 5000 soldiers and volunteers and easily defeated a British army (2000 casualties) Why was this an important victory? Because it secured the Louisiana Purchase C. Postwar Boom and Panic After the war, the US entered into a period of peace and prosperity. - political stability with election of James Monroe (Republican) - 2 nd Bank of United States extended credit - westward expansion - exports of Europe were increasing By 1819, the US experienced its first depression A sustained downturn in the economy D. The Missouri Compromise - 1820 Big question of admitting Missouri to the Union as either a slave state or a free state – Why was this such a controversial issue?
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