Unit 8 - Civil War - Condensed Notes - Unit 8 Condensed...

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Unit 8 - Condensed NotesI.War had destroyed 2/3 of the Southʼs shipping industry and thousands of miles of railroadsIt had devoured farmland, buildings, machinery and 1/3 of all livestockNorth lost 364,000South lost 260,000The postwar South was made up of 3 major groups of peopleBlack Southerners - 4 million people were starting new lives, they became homeless, jobless and hungryPlantation owners - Lost slave labor worth about $3 billionPoor White Southerners - Many could not find work due to competition from freemen, many poor white families went to Mississippi and Texas to find more opportunitiesCaptured and Abandoned Act = Allowed the Federal government to seize $100 million worth of Southern property10% Plan for Reconstruction - Offered a pardon to any Confederate who would take an oath of allegiance to the Union and accept the Federal governmentʼs policy on slaveryWho would be denied a pardon? Confederate military and government officials, and Southerners who had killed black prisonersStates could create state constitutions after 10% of voters swore allegianceStates could then hold elections and resume full participation in the UnionLincolnʼs plan did not require voting rights to black AmericansHis own political party opposed his planHis party wanted to punish the South and pushed the Wade-Davis bill, but Lincoln let it die in a pocket vetoJohnsonʼs Reconstruction Plan - After Lincolnʼs death, Reconstruction was now in the hands of Andrew Johnson (Lincolnʼs Vice-President and former slave owner)Johnsonʼ

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