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US1 Unit 3 - US Independance Notes - Unit 3 The Road to...

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Unit 3 – The Road to IndependenceI.The French and Indian WarA.Causes of WarGeorge Washington’s unsuccessful expedition into western Pennsylvania was the first minor battle of a war that lasted until 1763.Why was it called the French-Indian War? 1.Rivalry Between Britain and FranceThe rivalry among Europeans nations for control of North America arose after they began to explore and colonize the continentDifferent patterns of colonization: French = forts and traded with Indians; English = cleared land and founded towns.What was the importance of this difference? 2.The Albany Plan of Union – help with Indian problemBen Franklin’s plan for a permanent union of the colonistsCalled for a grand council of delegates from each colony, all elected by their colonial legislatures.Heading the council would be a president, appointed by the crown.Why did the colonial legislatures reject this plan?3.Early British DefeatsAlthough badly outnumbered, the French and Indian allies won important victories in western Pennsylvania.EXPLAIN how French tactics were effective.George Washington makes a name for himself at Fort Necessity with his bravery during the British defeat here.B.The British Win the WarIn 1757, William Pitt became Prime Minister, the highest official of a parliamentary government, and increased the war effort.1.The Tide of War TurnsIn 1758, better-prepared and better-led British troops began to overwhelm French and Indian forces.
The British victories put the French on the defensive and the Iroquois began to actively support the British.2.The Fall of QuebecThe British began a campaign to invade New France and capture Quebec, the capital of New France.9000 British troops led by General James Wolfe7500 French troops led by Marquis de MontcalmThe French successfully defended against the first attack by the British, then the British laid siege to Quebec.Gen. Wolfe on September 12 successful attempted a daring attack where both Wolfe and Montcalm were killedWith the fall of Quebec, the war was nearly over.3.The Treaty of Paris  - 1763Ended the French and Indian war in AmericaWhat was the key provision of the treaty?C.Weakened Loyalty to BritainDespite the victory, the French and Indian War seriously strained relations between the British and the American colonists.British = colonists did not provide enough support for the long warColonists = shocked by the weak leadership of British military tacticsThe end of the war left many colonists with (2) strong impressions:1.2.II.Issues Behind the RevolutionA.Changing British Policy1.The Proclamation of 1763Indians were treated a lot harsher by the EnglishIn response to this treatment, the Indians in the Great Lakes region rebelled against the British in the spring of 1763.
This uprising became known as Pontiac’s Rebellion and the Indians destroyed many forts and killed many colonists

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Term
Fall
Professor
Francis
Tags
Stamp Act, Battle Of Saratoga, British troops

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