Course Hero Logo

US1 Unit 5 - Nationalism & Reform Notes - Unit 5...

Course Hero uses AI to attempt to automatically extract content from documents to surface to you and others so you can study better, e.g., in search results, to enrich docs, and more. This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 10 pages.

Unit 5 – Nationalism and ReformI.The Growth of NationalismA.Nationalism at HomeMany Americans came to think of James Monroe’s two terms as President(1817-1825) as the Era of Good Feelings.To resolve some of the nation’s economic and political issues, the nation adoptednew nationalist policies – both at home and abroad1.Protecting ContractsWhat was the importance of theDartmouth College v. Woodward(1819)Supreme Court decision?2.Supporting the National BankMcCulloch v. Maryland(1819) stated that the powers of the federalgovernment went beyond those stated in the Constitution.-National Bank was legal and states could not tax federal banksArgument based on Article I, Section 8 = “necessary and proper”3.Regulating CommerceGibbons v. Ogden(1824) states could not interfere with Congress’sconstitutional right to regulate business on interstate waterways.This decision reinforced the federal government’s power over what?A.Nationalism AbroadPresident Monroe announced “The Monroe Doctrine”: (4 parts)1.US would not get involved in internal affairs of European countries2.US would recognize existing European colonies and not interfere with them3.US would not permit any future colonization of Western Hemisphere4.Any attempt by a European power to take control of any nation in the W.Hemisphere would be viewed as a hostile action toward the USWhat was the problem with this doctrine?B.The Controversial Election of 1824In this election, no leader could boast of being a part of the American Revolution1.John Quincy AdamsVast experience in politics(Senator) and foreign affairs (Sec of State)
2.Henry ClayMost colorful politician of his generation, excellent speech giverWhat was the American System?3.John C. CalhounExperienced politician who turned his attention toward defendingsouthern sectional interests= slavery.4.Andrew Jackson – “Old Hickory”Was the wild card in the election because of his popularity.(EXPLAIN)Result of Election of 1824 = “The Corrupt Bargain”Jackson won the most votes in the Electoral College, but did not win amajority so the election went to the House of Representatives.What was the result of the election?C.Two New Parties Face Off in 18281.Adams Party or National Republicans(later Whigs)Supporters of John Q. Adams and Henry ClayPromoted the American System and protective tariffs2.Jacksonians or Democratic-RepublicansThey believed that they were true to Jefferson’s ideal of limitedgovernment.Andrew Jackson was their man.Election of 1828 = Jackson trounced Adams 178 to 83 electoral votesWhat was this election notable for?
II.The Age of JacksonA.Jackson as PresidentHis rise to power signaled a new era in American Democracy and the growingpower of the west (1stpresident from west of Appalachians)1.Jacksonian DemocracyLaws requiring property ownership were removed and some states

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 10 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Fall
Professor
Francis
Tags
Underground Railroad, John Quincy Adams, William Lloyd Garrison, Abolitionism

Newly uploaded documents

Show More

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture