US1 Unit 5 - Nationalism & Reform Notes

US1 Unit 5 - Nationalism & Reform Notes - Unit 5...

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Unit 5 – Nationalism and Reform I. The Growth of Nationalism A. Nationalism at Home Many Americans came to think of James Monroe’s two terms as President (1817-1825) as the Era of Good Feelings. To resolve some of the nation’s economic and political issues, the nation adopted new nationalist policies – both at home and abroad 1. Protecting Contracts What was the importance of the Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819) Supreme Court decision? 2. Supporting the National Bank McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) stated that the powers of the federal government went beyond those stated in the Constitution. - National Bank was legal and states could not tax federal banks Argument based on Article I, Section 8 = “necessary and proper” 3. Regulating Commerce Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) states could not interfere with Congress’s constitutional right to regulate business on interstate waterways. This decision reinforced the federal government’s power over what? A. Nationalism Abroad President Monroe announced “The Monroe Doctrine”: (4 parts) 1. US would not get involved in internal affairs of European countries 2. US would recognize existing European colonies and not interfere with them 3. US would not permit any future colonization of Western Hemisphere 4. Any attempt by a European power to take control of any nation in the W. Hemisphere would be viewed as a hostile action toward the US What was the problem with this doctrine? B. The Controversial Election of 1824 In this election, no leader could boast of being a part of the American Revolution 1. John Quincy Adams Vast experience in politics(Senator) and foreign affairs (Sec of State)
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2. Henry Clay Most colorful politician of his generation, excellent speech giver What was the American System? 3. John C. Calhoun Experienced politician who turned his attention toward defending southern sectional interests = slavery. 4. Andrew Jackson – “Old Hickory” Was the wild card in the election because of his popularity. (EXPLAIN) Result of Election of 1824 = “The Corrupt Bargain” Jackson won the most votes in the Electoral College, but did not win a majority so the election went to the House of Representatives. What was the result of the election? C. Two New Parties Face Off in 1828 1. Adams Party or National Republicans (later Whigs) Supporters of John Q. Adams and Henry Clay Promoted the American System and protective tariffs 2. Jacksonians or Democratic-Republicans They believed that they were true to Jefferson’s ideal of limited government. Andrew Jackson was their man. Election of 1828 = Jackson trounced Adams 178 to 83 electoral votes What was this election notable for?
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II. The Age of Jackson A. Jackson as President His rise to power signaled a new era in American Democracy and the growing power of the west (1 st president from west of Appalachians) 1. Jacksonian Democracy Laws requiring property ownership were removed and some states allowed voters to choose president instead of state legislatures.
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