March 24 - Chapter 11 Personality Personality • The...

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Chapter 11 Personality
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Personality The pattern of psychological and behavioral characteristics by which each person can be compared and contrasted with other people
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Sigmund Freud Physician in Vienna, Austria Psychic Determinism – people’s thoughts and behaviors guided by inner mental workings Psychoanalysis – Freud’s theory on personalities and how to treat mental illness Psychodynamic – modern day psychoanalysis Unconscious mental processes -
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3 parts of Personality (according to Freud) Id – Devil on the shoulder - Basic instincts and desires Pleasure Principle – the id is driven to do whatever makes you feel good Superego – Angel on the shoulder -- Morals – values instilled on us by society or parents Ego ideal – what we should be Conscience – what we should not do or be Ego – Decision maker Mediator Executive - Reality principle – it takes into account real world constraints while attempting to satisfy both the id and superego
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Freud’s Psychosexual Stages of Development Fixation – locked in Pleasure Center – erogenous zone Stages The Oral Stage First year of life Mouth is pleasure center Conflict: Weaning The Anal Stage 2 nd year of life Anus is pleasure center Conflict: Toilet training
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Freud’s Psychosexual Stages of Development The Phallic Stage 3-5 years old Genitals are center of pleasure Oedipus/Electra Complex daughter Anna’s idea
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March 24 - Chapter 11 Personality Personality • The...

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