psych lab 1 UPLOAD

psych lab 1 UPLOAD - The Effect of Color Congruency on...

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The Effect of Color Congruency on Interference University of Richmond Tuesday 7:00
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The Effect of Color Congruency on Interference Things that we have previously learned or things we have grown accustomed to, are not always very useful in performing new tasks. This idea is known as interference. Interference, by definition, is the process by which something already learned or a habit already formed makes it more difficult to perform a new task, is an interesting psychological phenomenon. Interference for example could be when one tries to identify a color of a word, while taking caution not to read the word. There have been ample studies performed in the past regarding interference. The beginning of the idea of interference has been credited to J.R. Stroop. MacLead (1991) reported on a study done by Stroop in 1935, which examined the effect of different color inks on the ability to read words aloud. He organized his first experiment by using black ink for the color words in the first group, and then using incongruent color words in the second group. The task was that after some practice, subjects were expected to read the words that appeared on the cards in front of them. After performing this first experiment, Stroop observed that there was no significant difference in the time it took to read the words. Maclead (1991) also reported that Stroop performed another experiment, similar to the first one. In this experiment, he used blocks of color as the first group, and incongruent color words as the second group. This time, the aim was for the subject to identify the
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psych lab 1 UPLOAD - The Effect of Color Congruency on...

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