Unformatted text preview: and Great Britain;
emphasized women's role in the home and women were to hold four traits piety, purity, submission, and domesticity; main
idea was women were supposed to be at home and that was their "job" Industrialization" Liberty"Party" Nativism" Prison"reform"(Dorothea"Dix)"
Prisons were terrible before this movement, prisons were not only for criminals- mentally ill people were placed in
prison too all criminals were placed in one area; reform began with Jacksonians because they believed a criminal
should have a chance at redemption- reform started in 1820; Dorothea Dix felt rehabilitation of criminals fought for
reform, wanted to separate criminals based on crime, mental ability, etc.; prisons were created to separate criminals
and help rehabilitate them back to society 4"
" School"reform"(Horace"Mann)" Common Schools- tax supported state public schools- common school reform was dedicated to free and mandatory public
schooling that took decades to acheive, increased division between North and South- started by Horace Mann began in MA,
believed education could 'equalize the condition of men- school for social advancement and character building- McGuffey
developed ﬁrst text books used in school- Before this only wealthy were educated- public tax money can offer education to
everyone Temperance" reform movement starting in 1820's that sought to eliminate the consumption of alcohol; dealt with women because they dealt with
the negative effects of alcohol; John Bartholomew Gough was a preacher of temperance preacher and took the abstinence pledge;
American Temperance Society established in 1826 by the Protestants that campaigned for total abstinence and was successful by
lowering the consumption of alcohol has over 1,500,000 members some state wide; mostly women pledged and persuaded their
husbands and sons; reform against alcohol to better society Transcendentalism" philosophical movement in the 19th century centered around Ralph Waldo Emerson; Thoreau, Margaret Fuller, Walt
Whitman, Nathaniel Hawthorne, etc. Believed in the human connection w...
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