AP Human Geography Vocab Textbook Chapter 8 - Iron Curtain the boundary that divided Eastern and Western Europe used to provoke rigid censorship and

AP Human Geography Vocab Textbook Chapter 8 - Iron Curtain...

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Iron Curtain: the boundary that divided Eastern and Western Europe; used to provoke rigid censorship and secrecy; term coined by Winston Churchill in 1946 (ex. physical and symbolic boundary of the Berlin Wall)Irredentism: advocating annexation of foreign lands by a country with historic or ethnic links (ex. Palestine thinks should be able to “annex” Jerusalem because of their history) Israel: a Hebrew nation established in 1948, under UN recommendation, after the British withdrawal from PalestinePalestine: a former British mandate along the Mediterranean divided between Jordan and Israel in 1948Landlocked: surrounded entirely or almost entirely by land (ex. Lesotho)Law of the Seas: part of the international law pertaining to rights over the high seas (ex. Foreign vessels have no right of passage within internal waters)Manifest Destiny: the belief that expansion is destined or divinely ordained (ex. the United States’ justification for expanding west)Median-line principle: approach to dividing and creating boundaries at the mid-point between two places (ex. the Great Lakes between Canada and the United States)Microstate: an independent country that is very small in area and population (ex. Singapore); smaller than ministatesMinistate: an independent country that is very small in area and population (ex. Vatican City); larger than microstatesNAFTA: a free trade agreement between Canada, Mexico, and the United StatesNation: a politically organized body of people under a single government (ex. England)National iconography: the promotion of national images as part of the process of nation

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